Child dental care for tooth decay. It is a highly preventable disease caused by bacteria. It can occur when certain foods are left on the teeth. A combination of certain foods, acid build up, bacteria and saliva form plaque which sticks to the teeth. The acids which are also produced by bacteria in the mouth eat away at the tooth enamel causing tooth decay or caries.
What are the symptoms of tooth decay?
The most common signs of tooth decay are white spots on the surface of the teeth. Early caries in teeth usually show up and are colored light brown on the tooth. The tooth starts to become darker and a hole may appear. Teeth also tend to become more sensitive to cold drinks and certain foods like ice cream. If the decay is left untreated for longer, the patient feels discomfort and tooth ache.
How can tooth ache be prevented?
Here are just some of the ways to prevent tooth decay in children
- Have good feeding habits. Avoiding sugary foods and drinks, sodas and encouraging children to eat fresh foods and juices is the best way to avoid tooth decay.
- Brushing teeth regularly, after every meal and before bedtime also ensures teeth don’t accumulate acid forming foods and drinks eaten during the day.
- Visit the dentist regularly (every 6 months) to ensure any cavities which do develop in the mouth, are treated before they become further infected and cause discomfort and pain.
The most widely used treatment for treatment of tooth decay are removing the decayed part of the tooth and replacing it with a filling. Fillings are materials placed in teeth to repair the damage. There are several types of fillings which can be used to restore teeth damaged by tooth decay. Due to advances in technology, treatment for tooth decay has developed from just the traditional way of restoring decayed teeth.
The two most popular techniques are direct and indirect restorations. Direct restorations are usually quicker and involve a single visit to the dentist to fill the area where the tooth decay is present, directly into the cavity. Materials such as silver fillings are used which have been used for many years and are the safest options for this treatment. Indirect restorations require further visits to the dentist, and include veneers, bridges, crowns and inlays. These are constructed with gold, ceramics and base metal alloys.
At the first trip to the dentist, the dentist will usually prepare the tooth and make an impression of the infected area. At the second visit the dentist will place the new filling in place of the prepared area. The advent of new technology has enabled dentists to streamline the processes used within this procedure and some offices use CAD/CAM (computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing) that allows the dentist to perform the full procedure within one treatment.
Whatever the option you choose, it is usually the best to discuss it further with your practitioner in more depth.